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Macrogen Microbiome

Advances in Microbiome Diagnostics

Introduction The organisms that are a part of our normal biology are essential for our survival and well-being. The genetic material of these organisms collectively makes up the human microbiome. However, there are many scientists that use the term microbiome interchangeably with microbiota (the actual normal microorganism in a particular environment, such as the human body). For the purposes of this article, microbiome will be reserved for indicating the total…

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Group of geneticists working at media screen. Genetic engineerin

Role of Epigenetic Changes in the Etiology of Human Diseases

Introduction The field of epigenetics is ever-growing and considered to be a relatively new branch of genetic research. However, the concept dates back to the 1940s when it was understood as a mechanism that involved gene and gene-product interactions responsible for phenotypic expression1. Epigenetics is now understood as stable, heritable changes in gene expression that are not associated with changes in the actual DNA sequence. That means that the phenotype…

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