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Macrogen Microbiome

Advances in Microbiome Diagnostics

Introduction The organisms that are a part of our normal biology are essential for our survival and well-being. The genetic material of these organisms collectively makes up the human microbiome. However, there are many scientists that use the term microbiome interchangeably with microbiota (the actual normal microorganism in a particular environment, such as the human body). For the purposes of this article, microbiome will be reserved for indicating the total…

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Test tube with blood sample for DNA test

Home DNA vs. Clinical DNA: What’s the Difference?

Introduction Various types of home diagnostic testing or screening have placed more power and control of individual health information and care in the hands of consumers. We are well familiar with and may have used (or know someone who has) blood pressure kits, glucose measurement kits, and home pregnancy tests. Due to the next-generation sequencing (NGS) revolution, it is now possible to achieve home DNA sequencing for medical applications. However,…

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Are You DNA Smart? Take the Quiz!

Introduction and Key Definitions Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is the blueprint that contains the instructions for cells (and thus an organism) to function. This includes for reproduction, growth, maintenance, and all other functions that sustain life. This role of DNA is mediated through what is called the central dogma. In the basic sense, DNA codes for RNA that subsequently codes for proteins. An exception to this is the case of some…

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