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Chromatin Immunoprecipitation-sequencing-macrogen

Chromatin Immunoprecipitation-sequencing (ChIP-seq)

Chromatin Immunoprecipitation assays have the ability to capture an image of specific protein to DNA interactions that are occurring in a system and process these interactions using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), ChIP-chip, or next generation sequencing (NGS). When paired with next generation sequencing specifically, ChIP-seq is a powerful way to identify genome-wide DNA binding sites for transcription factors and other proteins. When performing ChIP-seq, chromatin is separated from cells…

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Sequencing Data to Develop Recombinant Vaccines

Introduction Eradication and prevention of infectious diseases are achieved most often via vaccination. The common or traditional vaccines are made using the actual pathogen material, such as modified live or killed (inactivated) viruses. The use of these types of vaccines is sometimes associated with serious side effects. For some infectious agents, it is often difficult to develop vaccines using this approach, and there are limitations on the effectiveness of these…

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Pancreatic Cancer

Role of Next-Generation Sequencing in Pancreatic Cancer Management

Introduction Pancreatic cancer (PC) is considered one of the most fatal cancers in the U.S. and other developed countries. The best outcomes and survival rates after treatment are only possible with early detection and treatment before the onset of symptoms. There is a great need to uncover ways to detect PC early to achieve better clinical outcomes. To date, there are no reliable means for the early, pre-symptom detection of…

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Macrogen Microbiome

Advances in Microbiome Diagnostics

Introduction The organisms that are a part of our normal biology are essential for our survival and well-being. The genetic material of these organisms collectively makes up the human microbiome. However, there are many scientists that use the term microbiome interchangeably with microbiota (the actual normal microorganism in a particular environment, such as the human body). For the purposes of this article, microbiome will be reserved for indicating the total…

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HLA-Pharmacogenetics-Macrogen-Labs

HLA and Pharmacogenetics

Introduction For years, the unpredictability of drug reactions has served as an underlying uncertainty in the safety of medications. This is because many of these reactions are specific to certain individuals and populations and under specific circumstances with an unknown basis. Adverse drug reactions can be very medically devastating, leading to severe consequences including death. The capacity to find a means to predict the risk of adverse reactions for patients…

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Cloud-based Technology Concept

The Promise and Security Risks of using Cloud-Based Informatics Solutions for Human Genomic Data Analysis

Introduction The ability for medical and research scientists around the globe to share data has enhanced the progress of medical discovery and healthcare delivery. Instant access to information via cloud-based technology by researchers and healthcare providers allows more time spent acting on and processing data. However, large bodies of data (a.k.a big data) generated through new technologies such as next-generation sequencing (NGS) need special data-storage considerations. Storage of a vast…

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3d rendering molecular structure. Molecules or network from glass and crystal. Abstract molecules in bright lit environment. Structural background. Molecular grid. Depth of field.

Molecular Basis of Immune Diversity and Emerging Clinical Applications

Introduction A wide variety of immune mechanisms have evolved in living organisms that serve to protect them from many types of disease-causing agents. These mechanisms differ in various ways including in how the immunity develops and how the agents or pathogens are processed and destroyed by the organism’s immune cells. These different mechanisms of defense constitute the immune diversity of species and are important for survival. A better understanding of…

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The word "AUTISM?" spelled out in child's blocks. "Is it autism?" is a question many parents have about their kids.

Advances in Characterizing the Genetic Basis of Autism

Introduction The diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) continues to be challenging and depends on neurological and psychological analyses. A number of risk factors and genetic associations with the disorder have been identified. However, work is ongoing to better characterize the genetic basis of ASD, to determine how to identify the risk for ASD, and to design the best therapies for those diagnosed with ASD. Given the high heritability, the…

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How NGS is Enabling the Ability to Counter Biological Aging

Introduction Aging has been accepted as a normal biological process that is inevitable. This deterioration of structure and function and loss of homeostasis over time is considered to some to be a collection of pathological processes or disorders that can be slowed or stopped. The search for the fountain of youth is ageless. Studies in the search for this “fountain” have begun to focus on the relationship between gene expression…

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Circulating Tumor DNA Methodologies

Introduction The analysis of cell-free DNA or liquid biopsy is emerging as a noninvasive clinical tool to aid in achieving accurate diagnoses. It is also a valuable research tool to determine biomarkers of disease, identify drug targets, and ascertain the factors responsible for drug resistance. Circulating tumor DNA refers to cell-free DNA that are fragments of DNA released from tumor cells and appearing in the blood circulation. Major challenges to…

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